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[ Scientists Recreate 1890s Fishing Surveys to Show How the Sea Has Changed ]

Gilchrist’s research was meticulous. He made thorough notes of currents, the seafloor, and where each kind of fish was found. His records show a sea teeming with kabeljou, with several hauls bringing in thousands of these fish from the deep. The surveys ushered in a booming fishing industry. Soon, trawl nets overflowed with cob, panga, and east coast sole, scraped from the brimming belly of the Agulhas Bank.

One hundred and eleven years later, Gilchrist’s data is an oddity’and an opportunity. It offers a detailed glimpse into the state of long-exploited fishing grounds before industrial fishers began picking them clean.

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Publisher: Smithsonian Magazine
Twitter: @smithsonianmag
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Quite a lot has been going on:

Scientists Surveyed the Sea off South Africa’1890s Style

On the lookout for a topic for his doctoral thesis, marine scientist Jock Currie, who is now a postdoctoral researcher at the South African National Biodiversity Institute, wanted to replicate Gilchrist’s detailed surveys to see how much things had changed. But to make the comparison as accurate as possible, he needed to conduct the repeat surveys with the same fishing gear that was used from 1897 to 1906.

The key to doing that lay in the trawl net. A near-exact replica was integral. Even if Currie could repeat the surveys under similar conditions, using different gear would mean that he wouldn’t be able to tease apart which changes were due to the equipment and which reflected actual changes in fish populations.

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Publisher: Hakai Magazine
Author: Hakai Magazine
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Denny O’Neil Changed the World of Superheroes

Denny O’Neil knew where the heart of the story was. When it comes to comic books, this may sound easy ‘ fight the bad guy, save the day ‘ but it is not. After the 1960s TV show was done with the Caped Crusader, Batman’s popularity cratered, and some at DC Comics feared the comic book would be canceled. That was until O’Neil got his chance to write the character. He would go on to write and edit Batman for most of the next three decades. O’Neil, a St. Louis native, started at Marvel Comics and returned for a stint in the 1980s, during which time he deepened the worlds of, among others, Spider-Man, Daredevil and Transformers. (He came up with the name Optimus Prime.)

Publisher: www.nytimes.com
Date: 2020-12-23T10:32:55.000Z
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Greetings Earthlings: There was a bright light and zap. The data presented above may one day be zapped to another dimension. Just thought you should be aware. It should be alright to step abroad. It is safe.