NSF Funds Study of How the Brain Encodes Smells and Flavors

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On left, an image of a rat nasal cavity in cross section, acquired using microCT imaging. NSF Funds Study of How the Brain Encodes Smells and ... Shew Lab at University of Arkansas will study how the brain distinguishes exhaled retronasal odors from inhaled odors. The study will be funded by a 3,000 grant over a three-year period. University of Arkansas Right: Woodrow Shew, associate professor of physics.

The sense of smell is very important for perceiving flavor, largely because of odors that originate in the mouth and are exhaled through the nose via the back of the throat in a process called retronasal olfaction. NSF funds new multidisciplinary approaches to study the ... National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2019, its budget is .1 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. However, the detailed mechanisms of how retronasal odors get encoded in the brain are poorly understood. US NSF - Understanding the Brain the Brain — NSF's goal is to enable scientific understanding of the full complexity of the brain, in action and in context, through targeted, cross-disciplinary investments in research, technology, and workforce development. Understanding the Brain activities promise innovative and integrated solutions to challenges in our ability to predict how collective interactions between brain function and our physical and social environment enable complex behavior. The Shew Lab at University of Arkansas has put together a team from across the United States to study these phenomena. NSF Award Search: Award#1749772 - CAREER:Investigating how ... Program(s): PHYSICS OF LIVING ... To study this question, two things are required: A feedback circuit in the brain that 1) encodes for complex representations including memory, fear, and anxiety for instance, and 2) targets primary sensory regions. Recent studies have identified a direct feedback connection from the ventral CA1 (vCA1 ... The National Science Foundation has funded the research with a total of $923,000 over three years, more than half of which will fund the U of A’part of the team. ‘

Publisher: University of Arkansas News
Date: 2019-09-10
Twitter: @uarkanasas
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